Problems connected with the prolonged staying of spacecraft with astronauts on board in the interplanetary space

1Baranskii, PI, 2Venger, EF, 3Gaidar, OV
1V.Ye. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
2V.Ye. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
3Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2002, 8 ;(4):086-095
Section: Space Life Sciences
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
Some problems connected with planning and practical realization of prolonged travels in the interplanetary space are discussed in detail.  The analysis of the present-day state of science and technique attests that: –  The electromagnetic protection against irradiation of the spacecraft (intended for prolonged space travel), its crew, necessary facilities for the reactivation of abiomass and oxygen (in the form of space greenhouses or of practically useful microorganisms), semiconductor elemental base of onboard computers, systems of automatics and radiotelecommunications should be provided by using materials of the future only. These materials should be characterized by high-temperature superconductivity with high values of critical magnetic fields, and they should also possess mechanical reliability and radiation hardness. –  Normal functioning of crew members and other living objects as well as the operation of semiconductor elemental base of technical units and automatic facilities of the onboard systems can be provided only by creating such magnetic conditions on board the spacecraft which are close to the terrestrial condition. That is, the cabin of the spacecraft itself will be carefully shielded from the strong magnetic field (of an order of few kOe) which serves as an electromagnetic shield of the spacecraft from the cosmic (predominantly proton) radiation.
Keywords: electromagnetic protection, facilities for the reactivation, prolonged space travel
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