The characteristics of lithospheric origin ULF EM radiation in the ltthosphere-atmosphere- ionosphere-magnetosphere system

1Cheremnykh, ОК, 2Grimalsky, VV, 1Kremenetsky, IA
1Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
2National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics, Mexico
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2001, 7 ;(Suppl. 2):005-014
Section: Space and Atmospheric Physics
Publication Language: English
The penetration of ultra low frequency (0.01 –100 s-1) electromagnetic (ULF EM) radiation throughout ionosphere are calculated numerically for source in the lithosphere and in the magnetosphere. The changes of perturbation area shape during propagation in the ionosphere are investigated for different «antennas» types in the lithosphere which excite this EM radiation. The wave and spatial characteristics of penetrated into upper ionosphere ULF EM field are determined. The influence of altitude profile's main parameters of ionospheric plasma and geophysical condition onto the penetration effect of ULF EM radiation throughout ionosphere is discussed.
Bilichenko S. V., et al. Dokl. Akad. Nauk USSR, 311, 1077-1080 (1990) [in Russian].
Fatkullin M. N., et al. The models of middle-latitude ionosphere. (Nauka, Moscow, 1981) [in Russian].
Grimalsky V. V., Kremenetsky I., Rapoport Yu. G. Exitation of Electromagnetic waves in the lithosphere and their penetration into ionosphere and magnetosphere. J. Atmosph. Electr., 19 (2), 101 (1999).
Gulielmi A. V., Pokhotelov O. A. Geoelectromagnetics Waves. (Inst. of Physics Publ., Bristol, Philadelphia, 1996).
Molchanov O. A., Hayakawa M. Generation of ULF Seismogenic Electromagnetic Emission: A Natural Consequence of Microfracturing Process. Electromagnetic Phenomena related to Earthquake Prediction, 537 (1994).
Molchanov O. A., Hayakawa M., Rafalsky V. A., 100A, 1691 (1995).
Liperovsky V. A., et al. Ionospheric earthquake precursors [Ionosfernye predvestniki zemletryaseniy]. (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].
Surkov V., Pilipenko V. The physics of pre-seismic electromagnetic ULF signals. In: Atmospheric and Ionospheric Electromagnetic Phenomena Associated with the Earthquakes, 357 (1999).

Vainshtein L. A. Electromagnetic Waves [Electromagnitnie volny]. (Sov. Radio, Moscow, 1958) [in Russian].