The study of high energy particles' microbursts nature in the Earth magnetosphere with nanosatellites: a conception of space experiment

1Dudnik, OV, 1Kurbatov, EV
1Institute of Radio Astronomy of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, V.N. Karazin National University of Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Space Sci.&Technol. 2018, 24 ;(2):36-42
Publication Language: Ukrainian
A concept of a cosmic scientific experiment is presented. The main goal of the experiment is the study of microbursts of charged particles of high energy in the Earth’s magnetosphere. The experiment is designed to use a nanosatellite platform. The paper describes the functional scheme, structural features and technical characteristics of a miniature detector-analyzer of electrons and protons MiRA_ep.
Keywords: Brazilian Magnetic Anomaly, electron, inclination of satellite orbit, nanosatellite, organic scintillator, radiation belt, silicon detector
 1. Baker D. N., Kanekal S. G., Hoxie V. C., Henderson M. G., Li X., Spence H. E., et al. A Long-Lived Relativistic Electron Storage Ring Embedded in Earth’s Outer Van Allen Belt. Science. 1—7 (28 February 2013).
2. Blake J. B., Looper M. D., Baker D. N., Nakamura R., Klecker B., Hovestadt D. New high temporal and spatial resolution measurements by SAMPEX of the precipitation of relativistic electrons. Advances in Space Research. 18 (8), 171—186 (1996).
3. Crew A. B., Spence H. E., Blake J. B., Klumpar D. M., Larsen B. A., et al. First multipoint in situ observations of electron microbursts: Initial results from the NSF FIREBIRD II mission. Journal of Geophysical Research, Space Physics. 121 (6), 5272—5283 (2016).
4. Dudnik O. V., Podgórski P., Sylwester J., Gburek S., Kowaliński M., et al. Investigation of Electron Belts in the Earth’s Magnetosphere with the Help of X-ray Spectrophotometer SphinX and Satellite Telescope of Electrons and Protons STEP-F: Preliminary Results. Space Science and Technology. 17 (4), 14—25 (2011).
5. Fidani C. Particle precipitation prior to large Earthquakes of both the Sumatra and Philippine Regions: a statistical analysis. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 114 (2), 384— 392 (2015).
6. Fidani C., Battiston R. Analysis of NOAA particle data and correlations to seismic activity. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 8 (6), 1277—1291 (2008).
7. Fidani C., Battiston R., Burger W. J. A study of the correlation between Earthquakes and NOAA satellite energetic particle bursts. Remote Sensing, 2 (9), 2170—2184 (2010).
8. Hudson M. K., Kress B. T., Mueller H.-R., Zastrow J. A., Blake J. B. Relationship of the Van Allen radiation belts to solar wind drivers. Journal of Atmospheric and SolarTerrestrial Physics. 70 (5), 708—729 (2008).
9. Imhof W. L., Reagan J. B., Gaines E. E.. The energy selective precipitation of inner zone electrons. Journal of Geophysical Research. 83 (A9), 4245—4254 (1978).
10. Imhof W. L., Voss H. D., Mobilia J., Datlowe D. W., Gaines E. E., et al. Relativistic Electron Microbursts. Journal of Geophysical Research. 97 (A9), 13829—13837 (1992).
11. Nagata K., Kohno T., Murakami H., Nakamoto A., Hasebe N., et al. Electron (0.19—3.2 MeV) and proton (0.58—35 MeV) precipitations observed by ONZORA satellite at low latitude zones L = 1.6—1.8. Planetary and Space Science. 36 (6), 591—606 (1988).
12. Nakamura R., Baker D. N., Blake J. B., Kanekal S., Klecker B., Hovestadt D. Relativistic electron precipitation enhancements near the outer edge of the radiation belt. Geophysical Research Letters. 22 (9), 1129—1132 (1995).
13. Nakamura R., Isowa M., Kamide Y., Baker D. N., Blake J. B., Looper M. SAMPEX observations of precipitation bursts in the outer radiation belt. J. Geophys. Res. 105 (A7), 15875—15885 (2000).
14. Peltonen J., Hedman H-P., Ilmanen A., Lindroos M., Maattanen M., et al. Electronics for the RADMON instrument on the Aalto-1 student satellite. 10th European Workshop on Microelectronics Education (EWME), 14—16 May 2014, Tallinn, Estonia. Proceedings. P. 161—166 (2014).
15. Sadovnichy V. A., Panasyuk M. I., Yashin I. V., Barinova V. O., Veden’kin N. N., et al. Investigations of the Space Environment Aboard the Universitetsky—Tat’yana and Universitetsky—Tat’yana-2 Microsatellites. Solar System Research. 45 (1), 3—29 (2011).
16. Sgrigna V., Carota L., Conti L., Corsi M., Galper A. M., et al. Correlations between earthquakes and anomalous particle bursts from SAMPEX/PET satellite observations. J. Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 67 (15), 1448—1462 (2005).
17. Surya Teja S. S., Subramanyan V., Elangovan R., Reddy L. M., Ramachandran D., et al. Design of Nuclear Instrumentation for Space-based Proton-Electron Energy Detector (SPEED). International Conference on Space Science and Communication (IconSpace) (10—12 August 2015, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Proceedings, 181—186 (2015).
18. Zhang X., Fidani C., Huang J., Shen X., Zerren Z., Qian J. Burst increases of precipitating electrons recorded by the DEMETER satellite before strong earthquakes. Natural Hazards and earth System Sciences. 13 (1), 197—209 (2013).