The importance of cell cycle parameters for the development of space plant growing

1Artemenko, OA
1M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Space Sci.&Technol. 2017, 23 ;(5):66-71
Publication Language: Russian
The future long-term expeditions require a huge amount of metabolic resources — water, food, oxygen. These resources require special conditions and payload, which is too heavy for existing spacecrafts. In addition, such life support systems can not be implemented without a high level of cycling. Therefore, the plants could be considered as a necessary source of food and oxygen in the bioregenerative life systems of long-term space missions. The main tasks of space plant cultivation are the study of the principles of the functioning of such systems of different complexity and the development of scientific basis for their creation.
            In present work we pointed out the importance of plant growth parameters, generation and cell cycle events under clinorotation, specifically: mitotic activity, expression of the cell cycle genes-regulating (cyclins and cyclins depending kinases), transcription factors for initiation of decrease/increase of gene’s transcription program. All these parameters must be taken into account when we choose the digestible plants and the data about soil composition and biomass increment as well as when we study a cell growth and differentiation for collecting spoiled seeds under microgravity.
Keywords: cell cycle, cyclins, microgravity, plants, transcription factor
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