Assesment of cost indexes for launch vehicle with reusable lower stage

1Kushnariov, AP, 1Pysnniev, VN, 1Degtyarev, MA, 1Demchenko, АV
1Yangel Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Dnipro, Ukraine
Space Science and Technology 2017, 23 ;(4):15-19
Section: Space-Rocket Complexes
Publication Language: Russian
We conduct a comparative analysis of cost indexes for launch vehicle with the expendable and reusable lower stage. The obtained relations connect the cost of launch with the costs of the rocket core construction, propulsion system and control system, recovery of the lower stage and the multiplicity of its use. The cost of the launch depending on the multiplicity of utilizing the lower stage was estimated for a model launch vehicle.
             We give also a qualitative analysis of the assumptions applied in these calculations. It is shown that for each combination of the cost of rocket components and expenses for recovery of the lower stage, there is an optimal multiplicity of its use. Further increase in the multiplicity of its launch does not show a significant economic effect in terms of reducing the cost of the launch, but increases one-time expenses for the development and working out of reusable components.
Keywords: analysis of cost, assessment of cost indexes, competitiveness, cost of launch services, launch vehicle cost, reusable lower stage
1. Chang K. (2017-03-30). Recycled Rockets Could Drop Costs, Speed Space Travel // The New York Times site. — Mode of access:
2. Foust J. (2017-04-05). SpaceX gaining substantial cost savings from reused Falcon 9 // Spacenews site. Mode of access: