Ukrainian national system for Earth’s remote sensing: look for efficient solutions

1Popov, MO, 1Lyalko, VI, 2Stankevich, SA
1State institution «Scientific Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth of the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
2State institution «Scientific Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth of the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine», Kyiv, Ukraine
Space Sci. & Technol. 2019, 25 ;(6):39-50
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2019.06.039
Publication Language: Russian
Abstract: 
Worldwide trends in modern remote sensing of the Earth are analyzed in this paper. The main trend of remote sensing in the world is the comprehensive information support for the implementation of the UN’s sustainable development concept. This is achieved by remote monitoring of a number of mandatory and specific indicators of the territories’ sustainable development at national, regional, and global levels. The priority direction of the remote sensing progress in Ukraine is outlined and substantiated using such analysis outcomes.
       The goals of the development of the national remote sensing system of Ukraine should include meeting the information needs of the domestic industry, agriculture, business, science, and statecraft, including the defense potential strengthening. The primary domains of the Ukrainian economy and state activities are identified, in which the satellite information engagement will be most efficient. Ones include agriculture and natural resources, environmental protection, as well as national defense. The requirements for satellite  information specific to each of these domains are considered. The issues of imaging systems’ calibration, developed methods, and technologies certification using the engineered domestic ground test site for remote sensing are highlighted separately.
       A new vision for the formation of a future Ukrainian remote sensing satellite constellation is explicated, which is advisable to carry out under the spatial-hierarchical principle. The subject of on-board payload composition for future national remote sensing satellite systems is discussed. In particular, the known worldwide problem of the lack of medium-resolution thermal infrared satellite imagery can be mitigated by the implementation of the enhanced spatial resolution infrared spectroradiometer with subpixel image registration and processing into future Ukrainian remote sensing satellite systems. The experience in this area available in Ukraine is described.
Keywords: development strategy, international cooperation in Earth observation, national remote sensing priorities, on-board payload of remote sensing satellites, remote sensing of the Earth, the national remote sensing system
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