Space mission “CLUSTERION”: investigation of the dynamical processes in the ionesphere using a cluster of “YUZHSAT” satellites

1Bankov, LG, 2Belyayev, SM, 3Ivanova, VI, 4Lizunov, GV, 3Melanchenko, OG, 5Oyama, K-I
1Space Research Institute of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
2L’viv Centre of the Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, L’viv, Ukraine
3Yangel Yuzhnoye State Design Office, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
4Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
5National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2017, 23 ;(6):27-36
Section: Space and Atmospheric Physics
Publication Language: Russian
Abstract: 
The “ClusterIon” is a fundamental scientific project devoted to the study of near-Earth space. The project is a response to the challenges posed by the modern development of knowledge about the Space Weather and the ionospheric responses to distributed over the globe natural and artificial sources of energy. Along with this, the project “ClusterIon” is a logical continuation of previous ionospheric missions realized throughout the space age, such as Dynamics Explorer 2 (1982–1984), Freja (1992–1993), DEMETER (2004–2010) as well as the upcoming “Ionosat-Micro” experiment onboard the Microsat-M satellite. The main innovation of the project is the launching into the ionosphere of a cluster of several (presumably 3) spacecraft equipped with identical sets of scientific instruments in order to provide simultaneous measurement of gas-plasma and electrodynamics parameters of the ionosphere. “ClusterIon” payload composition: Ion drift-meter ID, Electron temperature and concentration probe ETP;  Magneto-Wave Complex MWC, including vector flux-gate magnetometer FGM, vector search-coil magnetometer IM and 2 electric potential probes EP.