Atmospheric gravity waves among other physical mechanisms of seismic-ionospheric coupling

1Lizunov, GV, 2Skorokhod, ТV, 3Korepanov, VYe.
1Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
2Ariel University, Israel
3L’viv Centre of the Space Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the State Space Agency of Ukraine, L’viv, Ukraine
Space Sci. & Technol. 2020, 26 ;(3):55-80
Publication Language: Russian
We present a comparison of several basic mechanisms of influence on the ionosphere from below discussed in the literature: the propagation of low-frequency electromagnetic radiation; the short circuits of electric currents through the ionosphere; the penetration of neutral atmosphere waves. It is shown that atmospheric gravity waves (GW) are the most likely candidate for the role of a carrier of seismic-ionospheric interaction, which allows one to explain (i) the transport of significant energy fluxes into the ionosphere, (ii) the weak dependence of the intensity of ionospheric disturbance on the magnitude of the earthquake, (iii) the shift of ionospheric disturbances per thousand kilometers horizontally relative to the earthquake; (iv) and the generation of an ionospheric electromagnetic response. A detailed review of the theoretical and experimental data on GW is given. Simple analytical expressions are written that allow one to calculate the parameters of GW in specific experimental situations. The processes of amplitude amplification and dissipation of GW with height are investigated, the mechanism of generation of electromagnetic perturbations when GW passes the dynamo-layer is described, and the quantitative characteristics of perturbations are determined. The experimental part of the work presents the study of GW global distribution at ionospheric heights according to DE-2 satellite data and statistical analysis of GW relations with earthquakes. The results of the DE-2 are backed up by comparison with the published data from the DEMETER mission.
Keywords: atmosphere gravity wave, earthquake, ionosphere, seismic-ionospheric coupling, thermosphere

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