Excitation of ground-based geomagnetic pulsations PC5 by acoustic gravity waves

1Fedorenko, Yu.P
1V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv
Space Science and Technology 2017, 23 ;(3):11-37
Section: Space and Atmospheric Physics
Publication Language: Russian
Abstract: 
We analyze two to four series of geomagnetic field intensity fluctuations, which were observed at the ground-based measuring stations located at distances of 1500 - 10000 km from the source of local energy release in the atmosphere. We evaluate and explain that these fluctuations are excited by large-scale acoustic-gravity waves generated by powerful rocket launches and a large meteorite fall.
Keywords: acoustic gravity waves
References: 
1. Abdu M. A., Bhattacharyya A., Pancheva D. (Editors). Aeronomy of the Earth’s atmosphere and ionosphere, 480 p. (Springer, New York, London, 2011).
2. Afraimovich E. L., Edsmsky I. K., Voeikov S. V., et al. Travelling Wave Packets Generated by Solar Terminator in Upper Atmosphere. Optika atmosfery i okeana, 22(8), 753—759 (2009) [in Russian].
3. Alpert Y. L. Propagation of EM waves and the Ionosphere, 563 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1972) [in Russian].
4. Beynon W. J. G. Evidence of Horizontal Motion in Region F2 Ionization. Nature, 162 (N 4127), 887 (1948).
5. Bryunelli B. Ye., Namgaladze A. A. Physics of Ionosphere, 528 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].
6. Cai H. T., Yin F., Ma S. Y., McCrea I. W. Observations of AGW/TID Propagation Across the Polar Cap: a Case Study. Ann. Geophys., 29, 1355—1363 (2011).
7. Chernogor L. F., Blaunstein H. Radiophysical and Geomagnetic Effects of Rocket Burn and Launch in the Nearthe-Earth Environment, 542 p. (New York: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group. Roca Roton, London, 2014).
8. Chernogor L. F. Fluctuations of the Electromagnetic Field Caused by the Span of the Vitim Bolide on September 24, 2002. Geomagnetizm i aeronomiya, 51 (1), 119—132 (2012) [in Russian].
9. Chernogor L. F. Fluctuations of the Geomagnetic Field Near the City of Kharkov Accompanying Missile Launches From the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Geomagnetizm i aeronomiya, 49 (3), 403—415 (2009) [in Russian].
10. Chernogor L. F. Radiophysical and Geomagnetic Effects of Missile Launches, 382 p. (Khar'kovskiy natsional'nyy universitet, Khar'kov, 2009) [in Russian].
11. Chernogor L. F., Shamota M. A. Geomagnetic Pulsations Accompanying Missile Launches From Cape Canaveral and Kourou Cosmodromes. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 14 (6), 89—98 (2008) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2008.06.089
12. Chernogor L. F., Shamota M. A. Geomagnetic Pulsations of the Field Accompanying the Launches From the Cosmodromes of the PRC. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 14 (4), 92—99 (2008) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2008.04.092
13. Chernogor L. F., Shamota M. A. Wave Perturbations of the Geomagnetic Field Accompanying the Launches of Rockets From the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. Kosm. nauka tehno., 14 (3), 29—38 (2008) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2008.03.029
14. Danilov A. D., Kazimirovskii E. J., Vergasova G. V., Khachikian G. J. Meteorological Effects in the Ionosphere, 272 p. (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1987) [in Russian].
15. Fedorenko A. K., Bespalova A. V., Cheremnykh O. K., Kryuchkov E. I. A Dominant Acoustic-Gravity Mode in the Polar Thermosphere. Ann. geophys., 33, 101—108 (2015), — www.ann-geophys.net/33/101/2015/doi:10.5194/angeo-33-101-2015.
16. Fedorenko A. K. Determination of Acoustic-Gravity Wave Periods on Basis of Direct Satellite Measurements. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 16 (6), 24—32 (2010) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2010.06.024
17. Fedorenko Yu. P. Response of the Authors to the Commentary by G. V. Lizunov on Our Paper “Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances”. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 23 (2), 52—67 (2017) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2017.02.052
18. Fedorenko Yu. P., Fedorenko V. N., Dorohov V. L. Diagnostics of Parameters of Large-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances With the Help Radioscopy Ionosphere by Signals Low-Orbital Navigating Satellites. Visn. Kharkiv Karazin Nat. Univ., Ser.: Radiofiz. Elektron., 20 (1010), 97—112 (2012) [in Russian].
19. Fedorenko Yu. P., Tyrnov O. F., Fedorenko V. N., Dorohov V. L. Model of Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 3 (A30), 1—28 (2013).
20. Francis S. H. A Theory of Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances. J. Geophys. Res., 79 (34), 5245—5260 (1974).
21. Francis S. H. Global Propagation of Atmospheric Gravity Waves: A review. J. Atmos. and Terr. Phys., 37 (6-7), 1011—1054 (1975).
22. Garmash K. P., Leus S. G., Chernogor L. F., Shamota M. A. Geomagnetic Pulsations Accompanying Missile Launches From Various Space Launch Facilities in the World. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 15 (1), 31—43 (2009.) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2009.01.031
23. Garmash K. P., Leus S. G., Chernogor L. F., Shamota M. A. Statistical Characteristics of of the Earth’s Electromagnetic Field Fluctuations. Radiofizika i radioastronomiya, 8 (2), 163—180 (2003) [in Russian].
24. Garmash K. P., Leus S. G., Chernogor L. F., Shamota M. A. Variations of the Geomagnetic Field Accompanying the Launches of Rockets and Flights of Space Vehicles. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 13 (6), 87—98 (2007) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2007.06.087
25. Gershman B. N. Dynamics of Ionospheric Plasma, 256 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1974) [in Russian].
26. Godin O. A., Zabotin N. A., Bullett T. W. Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Atmosphere Generated by Infragravity Waves in the Ocean. Earth, Planets and Space, 67:47, doi:10.1186/s40623-015-0212-4 (2015).
27. Gossard E. E., Hooke W. H. Waves in the Atmosphere, 532 p. (Mir, Moscow, 1978) [in Russian], Transl. from Eng., 456 p. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1975).
28. Grigor'yev G. I. Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Earth's Atmosphere (review). Izv. VUZov Radiofizika, 1, 3—25 (1999) [in Russian].
29. Hines C. O. Internal Atmospheric Gravity Waves at Ionospheric Heights. Can. J. Phys., 38, 1441—1481 (1960).
30. Hocke K., Schlegel K. A Review of Atmospheric Gravity Waves and Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances: 1982—1995. Ann. geophys., 14, 917—940 (1996).
31. Hunsucker R. D. Atmospheric Gravity Waves Generated in the High-Latitude Ionosphere: A Review. Revs Geophys. and Space Phys., 20 (N 2), 293—315 (1982).
32. Jacobs J. A., Kato Y., Matsushita S., Troitskaya V. A. Classification of Geomagnetic Micropulsations. J. Geophys. Res., 69, 180—181 (1964).
33. Kleimenova N. G. Geomagnetic pulsations, 611—626 (Model of Space, Vol. 1, MGU, Moscow, 2007) [in Russian].
34. Kunitsyn W. Е., Suraev S. N., Akhmedov R. R. Modeling Propagation of Acoustic Gravity Waves in the Atmosphere for Different Surface Sources. Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Sert. 3. Fiz. Astron., 2, 59—63 (2007) [in Russian].
35. Liu C. H., Yeh K. C. Exciting of Acoustic-Gravity Waves in an Isothermal Atmosphere. Tellus., 23, 150—163 (1971).
36. Lizunov G. V., Leontiev A. Yu., Skorokhod T. V. Study of Ionosphere Dynamics in the Project "Ionosphere-Micro", 26—45 (2013). In: Kosmicheskiy proyekt «Ionosfera-Mikro», 218 p. (Akademperiodika, Kiyev, 2013) [in Russian].
37. Lizunov G. V., Skorokhod T. V. Planetary Distribution of Medium-Scale Atmospheric Gravity Waves Obtained From Satellite Measurements. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 16 (1), 40—45 (2010) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2010.01.040
38. Martyn D. F. Cellurar Atmospheric Waves in the Ionosphere and Troposphere. Proc. Roy. Soc., A201, 216—234 (1950).
39. Munro G. H. Short-Period Changes in the F Region of the Ionosphere. Nature, 162 (N 4127), 886—887 (1948).
40. Nielson D. L. The Effects of Nuclear-Burst-Produced Acoustic Gravity Waves on HF Communication Systems. Effects of atmospheric acoustic gravity waves on electromagnetic wave propagation, NATO AGARD Conference Proceedings,115, 509—512 (1972).
41. Pudovkin M.I., Raspopov O.M., Kleimenova N.T. Perturbation of the Earth's Electromagnetic Field, 271 p.  Leningradskiy universitet, Leningrad, 1976) [in Russian].
42. Rolland L. M., Lognonn P., Astafyeva E., et al. The Resonant Response of the Ionosphere Imaged After the 2011 of the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake. Earth, Planets and Space, 63, 853—857 (2011).
43. Row R. V. Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Upper Atmosphere Due to a Nuclear Detonation and an Earthquake. J. Geophys. Res., 72 (N 5), 1599—1610 (1967).
44. Samsonov S. N., Plotnikov I. Ya., Saibek D. G., Waterman Yu. The Relationship Between Solar Wind Parameters and High-Latitude Magnetic Pulsations. Kosm. nauka tehnol., 12 (N 1), 80—84 (2006) [in Russian].
45. Shamota M. A. Magnetometric Monitoring of High-Energy Processes in the Geocosmos, 153 p. (Manuscript of Cand. Sci. in Phys. and Math., Kharkiv, 2011) [in Russian].
46. Sokolova O. I., Krasnov V. M., Nikolaevsky N. F. Changes in the Geomagnetic Field Under the Influence of Missile Launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Geomagnetizm i aeronomiya, 43 (N 4), 561—565 (2003) [in Russian].
47. Tyrnov O. F., Fedorenko Y. P., Dorohov V. L. Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances. Kosm. nauka tekhnol., 22 (5), 3—70 (2016) [in Russian].
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2016.05.003
48. Welles H. W., Watts J. M., George D. E. Detection of Rapidly Moving Ionospheric Clouds. Phys. Rev., 69, 540—541 (1946).
49. Yampolsky Yu. M., Zalizovsky A. V., Litvinenko L. N., et al. Variations of the Magnetic Field in the Antarctic and Conjugate Region (New England) Stimulated by Cyclonic Activity. Radiofizika i radioastronomiya, 9 (2), 130—151 (2004) [in Russian].
50. Yeh K. C., Liu C. H. Acoustic-Gravity Waves in the Upper Atmosphere. Revs Geophys. and Space Phys., 12 (2),  93—216 (1974).