SPATIO-TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF TRAVELING IONOSPHERIC DISTURBANCES

1Tyrnov, OF, 1Fedorenko, Yu.P, 1Dorohov, VL
1V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Space Sci.&Technol. 2016, 22 ;(5):03-70
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2016.05.003
Section: Space and Atmospheric Physics
Publication Language: Russian
Abstract: 
We describe a semi-empirical model to determine parameters of traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs), which has been developed by authors. The model deals with spatial and temporal dynamics of TIDs. Large- and medium-scale (LS and MS) TIDs are presented in the model as different stages of a single wave process. The model is based on the assumption that the TIDs are induced by propagation of acoustic gravity waves (AGW), and that all parts of the temporal and spatial train of atmospheric pressure waves propagate from a local source with constant horizontal velocity and relative amplitude. The value of the velocity is determined by the delay of the any TID train part with respect to the perturbation onset. Model validation was conducted using perturbations generated by the following sources: ground and high-altitude nuclear explosions, volcanic eruptions-explosions, earthquake, and precipitation of energetic protons into the magnetosphere cusp of the northern hemisphere. The verification of the model with the data from the published sources has resulted that the prediction error of the spatial and time periods of the TIDs does not exceed 12 %.
Keywords: acoustic-gravity waves, earthquake, energetic proton precipitation, magnetospheric cusp, nuclear explosion, semi-empirical model, train disturbances of atmospheric pressure, traveling ionospheric disturbances, volcano eruption
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