The radio-engineering complex for determining coordinates of a geostationary telecommunication satellite

1Bushuev, FI, 1Kaliuzhnyi, MP, 2Sibiriakova, ES, 1Shulga, AV, 3Moskalenko, SS, 4Balagura, OA, 5Kulishenko, VF
1Scientific-Research Institute «Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory», Mykolaiv, Ukraine
2Scientific-Research Institute «Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory», Mykolaiv
3Western Radio Engineering Center, Mukachevo, Ukraine
4State Enterprise “Ukrkosmos”, Kyiv, Ukraine
5Institute of Radio Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Space Sci.&Technol. 2016, 22 ;(3):50-59
Section: Space Navigation and Communications
Publication Language: Russian
We present the radio-engineering complex for observation of an active geostationary telecommunication satellite (GSTS)
using the radio-interferometry method. The complex consists of four receiving stations of digital satellite TV. Technical and precision characteristics of the stations are given in the article. A technique of Cartesian coordinates’ calculation of the GSTS in the WGS84 coordinate system, which is developed in the Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory, is also described. Results and accuracy of obtained coordinates of the GSTS are shown.
Keywords: coordinates of a geostationary satellite, DVB-S, radio interferometer
1. Bushuev F. I., Kalyuzhny N. A., Slivinsky A. P., Shulga A. V. Determination of the Range to Telecommunications Geostationary Satellites Using the Signals of Satellite Television. Radio Physics and Radio Astronomy, 17 (3), 282—290 (2012) [in Russian].
2. Hofmann-Wellenhof B., Lichtenegger H., and Collins J. Global Positioning System. Theory and Practice: Transl. from Eng. and Ed. by Ya.S. Yatskiv, 380 p.  (Nauk.dumka, Kyiv, 1995) [in Ukrainian].
3. Chernjak V. S. The multi radiolocation [Mnogopozicionnaja radiolokacija], 416 p. (Radio i svjaz’, Moscow, 1993) [in Russian].
4. Huang Yong, Hu Xiao Gong, Zhang Xiu Zhong, Jiang Dong Rong, Guo Rui, Wang Hong, Shi Shan Bin. Improvement of orbit determination for geostationary satellites with VLBI tracking. Chinese Sci. Bull., 56 (26), 2765—2772 (2011).
5. Kara I. V., Kozyryev Y. S., Sybiryakova Y. S., Shulga O. V. NAO catalog of geocentric state vectors of geosynchronous space objects. Bull. Crimean Astrophys. Observatory, 107, 98—102 (2011).
6. Montenbruck O., Gill E. Satellite orbits: models, methods, and applications, 380 p. (Springer, Berlin, 2005).