Properties of neutrino and search for effects beyond the standard model

1Boiko, RS, 1Danevich, FA, 1Zueva, OV, 1Kobychev, VV, 1Kobycheva, LM, 2Kobychev, RV, 1Kropivyansky, BN, 1Mokina, VM, 3Poda, DV, 4Polischuk, OG, 1Tymoshenko, AI, 4Tretyak, VI, 1Chernyak, DM
1Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine , Kyiv, Ukraine
2Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine , Kyiv, Ukraine; National Technical University of Ukraine ‘‘Kyiv Polytechnic Institute’’, Kyiv, Ukraine
3Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine , Kyiv, Ukraine; CSNSM, Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France
4Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine , Kyiv, Ukraine; INFN, Sezione di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2015, 21 ;(4):44–50
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2015.04.044
Section: Space Astronomy
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 

Particles’ properties are closely related to cosmology and astrophysics. Explanation of neutrino oscillations, nature of dark matter and dark energy, baryon-antibaryon asymmetry call for extension of the Standard Model of particles. Properties of neutrino play an important role in the development of elementary particles models. Measurements of neutrinos from various sources, search for neutrinoless double beta decay are able to answer the key questions on the neutrino nature (whether it is Majorana or Dirac particle?), the absolute mass scale and the neutrino mass hierarchy, the lepton number conservation, the CP-symmetry violation due to neutrino mixing, etc. Search for interaction of hypothetical dark matter particles could answer to the question about nature and composition of dark matter in the Universe. 

Keywords: dark matter., double beta decay, neutrinos, standard model of elementary particles
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