Fire impact on aerosol distribution over Ukraine from satellite and ground-based measurements

1Bovchaliuk, AP
1Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2013, 19 ;(5):27–41
Publication Language: Ukrainian

We analyze the sources of aerosol transport from forest, steppe, peat and agricultural fires over Ukraine from 2002 to 2012. Some data from the satellite instruments POLDER/ PARASOL and MODIS were used to characterize the distribution of aerosol particles in the atmosphere and to visualize fire locations on Earth’s surface, respectively. The cluster analysis was used to classify air mass back trajectories using the HYSPLIT model. Moreover, the data obtained by ground-based network AERONET were used for analysis of volume size distributions over Kyiv site during 2008—2012.
The maximum values of aerosol optical thickness (AOT) at 870 nm wavelength ranging from 0.4 to 0.7 were observed from 14 to 16 August 2010 over Eastern and Central Ukraine, which were caused by strong forest and peat wildfires in the central area of European part of Russia. The sources of aerosol combustion were located at greater distance from Kyiv during this period in comparison to August 2008, when fires occurred in the Central and Southern Ukraine. The monthly average AOT ranging from 0.05 to 0.08 was observed over Northern and Central Ukraine as a result of steppe wildfires in Belarus from April to May 2006. It was determined that transboundary transport of atmosphere plays an important role in the aerosol distribution and affects on air quality over all the Eastern European countries. The radii of fine fraction aerosols corresponding to maxima of the size distribution are equal to 0.2—0.25 μ over Kyiv site during wildfires which may be evidence for the presence of biomass burning and industrial aerosols simultaneously. Furthermore, some features are observed in the size distribution of coarse fraction in the form of double peak from April to June which can be explained by the seasonal nature of particle origin. The volume size distribution is characterized by the most significant fraction of fine particles in May — July 2012 as compared to the same period in other years.

Keywords: AERONET, aerosols, air mass trajectories, forest and steppe fires, satellite data

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