Distant troposphere-stratosphere teleconnections from 30-year satellite measurements of the antarctic ozone

1Kravchenko, VO, 1Yevtushevskyi, OM, 2Milinevsky, GP
1Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
2Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2012, 18 ;(5):48–58
Section: Study of the Earth from Space
Publication Language: Ukrainian
We analyzed a response of the Antarctic ozone to surface temperature variations in the Tropical Pacific during the existence of the ozone hole. The tropical Pacific region is characterized by a large variability in sea surface temperature which causes global impact on the atmospheric circulation. We studied the period from 1980 to 2010. Total ozone satellite measurements made in October were compared with the tropical temperature values for the 18 preceding months. We revealed the maximum of the coefficient of the correlation between the ozone concentration over the West Antarctica in October and the surface temperature in the Central Pacific (160–220º E) in June, four months earlier (r = 0.7). Negative correlation over the East Antarctica was observed. Because of this, the zonal mean ozone data are less suitable for an estimation of the tropical thermal anomaly influence on the Antarctic stratosphere and for an analysis of the propagation pathways for the related disturbances
Keywords: Antarctic ozone, surface temperature of Pacific, total ozone
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