Some features of turbulent processes in the earth’s magnetosphere from the CLUSTER mission measurements

1Kozak, LV, 2Savin, SP, 3Lui, AT, 1Tsupko, OO
1Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
2Space Research Institute of the Russian AS, Moscow, Russia
3Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, USA
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2012, 18 ;(2):43–54
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2012.02.043
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
Statistical features of magnetic field fluctuations in bound regions of the Earth’s magnetosphere are investigated on different time scales. The Cluster-2 mission measurements made during 2004—2009 are used for our analysis. Changes in the shape and parameters of probability density function for the magnetic field fluctuations are studied for the time intervals when the satellite was within the magneto-layer, solar plasma wind and magnetopause region. The evolution of the change of the probability density function maximum and kurtosis values are considered and structure functions of different orders are investigated as characteristics of turbulent processes for different time scales. Two asymptotic modes of the change in the maximum height for the probability density function are found which can be described with the use of different power lows. On the basis of the investigation of structure functions of high orders (up to the ninth order), the character of turbulent processes is determined and diffusion in the regions under consideration is studied. It is found that the type of the turbulent processes in the solar wind plasma differ greatly from one in the magneto-layer. Besides, super-diffusion is revealed in transitional regions of the Earth’s magnetosphere.
Keywords: Earth's magnetosphere, magnetic field fluctuations, mission Cluster, solar wind
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