Potentialities of the comparison of «Sich-1M» side looking radar data and foreign satellite information

1Malynovskyi, VV, 2Zubko, VP, 1Pustovoitenko, VV
1Marine Hydrophysical Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Sevastopol, AR Crimea, Ukraine
2State Space Agency of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2004, 10 ;(2-3):093-100
Section: Study of the Earth from Space
Publication Language: Russian
Abstract: 
In the framework of composite model of normalizes radar cross section of the sea surface, some peculiarities of radar scattering are examined. It is shown that there is a need to take into account both the Bragg component and specular reflection for retrieval of physical parameters of the atmosphere and ocean. A possible way to solving the problem of wind retrieval with the use of radar image is proposed. Its realization will allow one to compare SLR data with the information from scatterometers.
Keywords: composite model, radar, scatterometer
References: 
1. Bass F. G., Fuks I. M. Wave Scattering from Statistically Rough Surfaces, 424 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1972) [in Russian].
2. Bukharov M. V. Study of mesoscale characteristics of wind fields over sea from data of RLSBO measurements onboard Space satellite “Ocean”. Issled. Zemli iz Kosmosa, No. 1, 50—57 (1999) [In Russian].
3. Kalmykov A. I., Kurekin A. S., Efimov V. B., et al. The sidelooking radar on the Cosmos-1500 satellite. Issledovanie Zemli iz Kosmosa, No. 3, 76—83 (1985) [In Russian].
4. Kalmykov A. I., Pichugin A. P., Tsymbal V. N., and Shestopalov V. P.  Radiophysical space observations of mesoscale structures on ocean surface. Doklady AN SSSR, 279 (4), 860—862 (1984) [In Russian].
5. Kudryavtsev V. N., Malinovsky V. V. Contribution of specular reflection to radar images of the sea surface. Issledovanie Zemli iz Kosmosa, No. 3, 3—11 (2004) [In Russian].
6. Kudryavtsev V. N., Malinovsky V. V., Rodin A. V. Manifestation of temperature fronts in radar images of ocean. Issled. Zemli iz Kosmosa, No. 6, 16—26 (1999) [In Russian].
7. Malinovsky V. V., Pustovoitenko V. V. Radar observations of mesoscale features of the driving wind [Radiolokacionnye nabljudenija mezomasshtabnyh osobennostej privodnogo vetra]. Sistemy kontrolja okruzhajushhej sredy, 142—146 («JeKOSI-Gidrofizika», Sevastopol, 1999) [In Russian].
8. Malinovsky V. V., Pustovoitenko V. V. Observation of oceanic fronts using satellite SLAR [Nabljudenie okeanicheskih frontal'nyh razdelov s ispol'zovaniem sputnikovyh RLSBO]. Sistemy kontrolja okruzhajushhej sredy, 211—218 («JeKOSI-Gidrofizika», Sevastopol, 2002) [In Russian].
9. Malinovsky V. V., Pustovoitenko V. V., Kudryavtsev V. N. Using information SLAR satellite "Sich-1" for the surveillance of the Black and Azov Seas [Ispol'zovanie informacii RLSBO ISZ «Sich-1» dlja nabljudenija Chernogo i Azovskogo morej]. Sistemy kontrolja okruzhajushhej sredy, 162—173 («JeKOSI-Gidrofizika», Sevastopol, 1998) [In Russian].
10. Pustovoitenko V. V., Malinovsky V. V. Some features of information processing satellite radar side-looking station "Sich-1" [Nekotorye osobennosti obrabotki informacii sputnikovoj radiolokacionnoj stancii bokovogo obzora «Sich-1»]. Morsk. gidrofiz. zhurn., No. 3, 70—77 (1998) [In Russian].
11. Tsymbal V. M., Kalmykov A. I., Kurekin O. S., et al. Information possible side-scan radar system satellite "Cosmos-1500" [Informacionnye vozmozhnosti radiolokacionnoj sistemy bokovogo obzora ISZ «Kosmos-1500»]. Issledovanie Zemli iz Kosmosa, No.3, 84—92 (1985) [in Russian].
12. Apel J. R. An improved model of the ocean surface wave vector spectrum and its effect on radar backscatter. J. Geophes. Res., 99C (8), 16269—16291 (1994).
13. Freilich M. H., Dunbar R. S. The accuracy of the NSCAT 1 vector winds: Comparisons with National Data Buoy Center buoys. J. Geophys. Res., 104C (5), 11231 — 11246 (1999).
14. Kudryavtsev V., Hauser D., Caudal G., Chapron B. A semi-empirical model of the normalized radar cross-section of the sea surface. 1. Background model. J. Geophys. Res., 108C (3), P. 8054 (2003).
doi:10.1029/2001JC001003
15. Plant W. J. A two-scale model of short wind generated waves and scatterometry. J. Geophys. Res., 91C (9), 10735—10749 (1986).
16. Quilfen Y., Chapron B., Vandemark D. The ERS scatterometer wind measurement accuracy: Evidence of seasonal and regional biases. J. Atmos. and Ocean Techn., 18 (10), 1684—1697 (2001).
17. Stoffelen A. A simple method for calibration of a scatterometer over the ocean. J. Atmos. and Ocean Techn., 16, 275—282 (1999).
18. Stoffelen A., Anderson D. Scatterometer data interpretation: Derivation of the transfer function CMOD4. J. Geophys. Res., 102C (3), 5767—5780 (1997)

19. Wang W., Worth D., Nowlin Jr., Reid R.  O. A comparison among LATEX, NCEP, and ERS-1 scatterometer winds over Northwestern Gulf of Mexico. J. Atm. and Ocean Techn., 15 (5), 1204—1214 (1998).