Mass spectrometry of the upper atmosphere and molecular surrounding of spacecraft by on-board SRDB ILTPh&E instruments

1Solodovnik, LL
1Special Design and Technology Bureau of cryogenics B.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2000, 6 ;(5):08-15
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2000.05.008
Section: Spacecrafts and Payloads
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
A series of on-board mass spectrometeres designed at the Special Research and Development Bureau of Institute for Low Temperature and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (SRDB ILTPh&E) for the research of the Earth's and Venus's upper atmospheres and of molecular environment of spacecraft is described. We consider some peculiariries in the operation of the on-board mass-spectrometers, their basic analytical and technical characteristics, and some results of space experiments. The experiences on sounding the ionospheric D-region by meteorological MR-12 rocket at heights below 100 km and measuring the chemical composition of the layer under clouds in the Venusian atmosphere by the «Venera-9» and «Venera-10» modules landing is examined. The data obtained in the technological experiments on defining the composition and dynamics of the molecular environment of the «Cosmos» series satellites are analyzed.
Keywords: on-board mass-spectrometers, results of space experiments, «Cosmos» series satellites
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