Conception of gas and aerosol pollution monitoring of the earth's atmosphere (for altitudes more than 30 km) on board the International space station

1Morozhenko, OV, 1Shavrina, AV, 1Veles', OA
1Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 2000, 6 ;(2):69–76
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit2000.02.069
Section: Study of the Earth from Space
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 
Approximate model calculations support the idea, according to which the main role in the weakening of the ozone layer power is played by the aerosol pollution of the upper layers in the Earth's atmosphere and freons play a secondary role. For the tasks of exact modelling of the processes which create and destroy ozone and for monitoring of greenhouse gases and ecology of the atmosphere, a conception of experiments on board the Ukrainian module of the International Space Station was proposed. They will provide the possibility to receive information about global changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere, spectral values of complex refractive index and sizes of the stratospheric aerosol, as well as about the vertical structure of gas and aerosol components of the atmosphere and the vertical temperature profile. Two device complexes are proposed to be mounted, one of them (two Fourier spectrometers for the spectral range 1.5−11 µm and a spectropolarimeter for 200—400 nm) will be targeted to nadir, and the second (two Fourier spectrometers for the spectral range 1.5−11µm) will observe the spectrum of solar radiation weakened by the Earth's atmosphere at various (with a step of 1−2 km) over the Earth's surface.
Keywords: aerosol pollution, monitoring of ecology of the atmosphere, ozone layer
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