Energetics of the processes occurring on the Earth, in the atmosphere and near-earth space in connection with the project "Early warning"
|1Chernogor, LF |
1V.N. Karazin National University of Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine
|Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1999, 5 ;(1):38–47|
|Publication Language: Russian|
In connection with the project "Early Warning", the energetics of the processes taking place on the Sun, in the Earth's magnetosphere, ionosphere, atmosphere, and on the Earth is examined. We estimate the energy (power) of the fundamental processes and principal phenomena which can prevent the precursors of earthquakes in the near-Earth space from being detected. Although the energetics of earthquake precursors is usually much lower than that of the geophysical background noise, the former is high enough, and this can be employed to formulate and solve the problem for detecting precursors by observing variations in the parameters of the near-Earth space. Problems arising while detecting precursors in variations of ionospheric parameters and in magnetospheric processes are described.
|Keywords: earthquakes precursors, near-Earth space parameters, project|
1. Brjunelli B. E., Namgaladze A. A. Ionospheric physics, 528 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].
2. Buchachenko A. L., Oraevskii V. N., Pokhotelov O. A., et al. Ionospheric precursors to earthquakes. Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, 166 (9), 1023—1029 (1996) [in Russian].
3. Garmash K. P., Gokov A. M., Kostrov L. S., et al. Radio Wave Investigations and Modeling the Processes in the Ionosphere Disturbed by Sources of Various Nature. 1. Instrumentation and Processes in the Naturally Disturbed Ionosphere, Bulletin of Kharkiv State University. Radio Physics and Electronics, No. 405, 157—177 (1998) [in Russian].
4. Kachurin L. G. Physical Basis of the Impact on Atmospheric Processes, 456 p. (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1978) [In Russian].
5. Klumov B. A., Kondaurov V. I., Konyukhov A. V., et al. Collision of comet Shoemaker—Levi 9 with Jupiter: what shall we see? Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, 164 (6), 617—629 (1994) [in Russian].
6. Lyons L. R., Williams D. J. Quantitative Aspects of Magnetospheric Physics, 312 p. (Mir, Moscow, 1987) [in Russian].
7. Liperovsky V. A., Pokhotelov O. A., and Shalimov S. L. Ionospheric precursors of earthquakes, 304 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].
8. Matveev L. T. Course of General Meteorology. Atmospheric Physics, 640 p. (Gidrometeoisdat, Leningrad, 1976) [in Russian].
9. Molchanov O. A. Low-frequency waves and induced radiation in the near-Earth plasma, 224 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].
10. Stacey F. D. Physics of the Earth, 342 p. (Mir, Moscow, 1972) [in Russian].
11. Space physics. Little encyclopedia, 783 p. (Soviet encyclopedia, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
12. Chernogor L. F. Global'nye jeffekty pri lokal'nom jenergovydelenii v Geosfere. Netradicionnye nauchnye idei o prirode i ee javlenijah: Sb. dokl. vsesojuz. konf., Vol. 2, 221—229 (Gomel', 1990) [in Russian].
13. Chernogor L. F. Chernogor Infrasound Effects of Earthquakes and Their Precursors on Parameters of Near- Earth Space. Radio Physics and Radio Astronomy, 2 (4), 463—472
(1997) [in Russian].
14. Molchanov O. A., Hayakawa M. Generation of ULF seismogenic electromagnetic emission: a natural consequence of microfrac-toring process. Electromagnetic phenomena related to earthquake prediction, 537— 563 (TERRAPUB, Tokyo, 1994).