Geological peculiarities of planets of different composition

1Evsyukov, NN
1V.N. Karazin National University of Kharkiv,Kharkiv, Ukraine
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1997, 3 ;(1):43–60
Section: Space Astronomy
Publication Language: Ukrainian
Peculiarities of composition and geological structure of planets in the Solar system are reviewed. Silicate and icy planets have some common features in their geological evolution: formation of primary lithospheres with heavily cratered surfaces and uniform compositions, formation of tectonic fault systems of various scales, and flooding volcanism. Basic differences of geology of the planets of different composition are the following: silicate planets bear crusts of in-homogeneous composition — basaltic oceanic crusts and feldspatic continental crusts; global expansion is typical for icy planets, which leads to formation of global systems of tectonic faults of different scales; central volcanism is typical only for silicate planets with high levels of endogenic activity.
Keywords: Solar System planets, surface composition, volcanism
Basilevsky A. T., Head J. W. Global geological history of Venus over the past 300 - 500 Ma as revealed by Magellan radar images. Astron. vestn., 29 (3), 195—218 (1995) [in Russian].
Basilevskij A. T., Head J. W. The age of deformations and composition inhomogeneities in Maxwell Montes on Venus. Astron. vestn., 29 (5), 387—398 (1995) [in Russian].
Bazilevskii A. T., Kreslavskii M. A. Volcanism and tectonics on planets and satellites of the solar system. Dependence on body size and period of revolution around the central body. Astron. vestn., 26 (2), 66—76 (1992) [in Russian].
Burns J. A. Some background  about satellites. In Book: System of the  Saturn, M. Ya. Marov, V. N. Zharkov, 296—325 (Mir, Moscow, 1990) [in Russian].
Woronow A., Strom R. G., Gurnis M. Interpreting the cratering record - Mercury to Ganymede and Callisto. In: Satellites of Jupiter, D. Morrison, Vol. 2, 5—48 (Vol. 1-3; Vol. 2) (Mir, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
Zharkov V. N. Internal structure of the earth and planets, 416 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].
Zharkov V. N., Trubitsyn V. P. The physics of planetary interiors, 448 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1980) [in Russian].
Ivanov M. A. Geological structure of the surroundings of the Alpha Regio on Venus according to the Magellan data. Astron. vestn., 27 (1), 3—18 (1993) [in Russian].
Ivanov M. A., Basilevskj A. T. Age relations of tesserae and plains on Venus according to Magellan mission data. Astron. vestn., 28 (3), 40—58 (1994) [in Russian].
Kieffer S. W. Dynamics and thermodynamics of volcanic eruptions - Implications for the plumes on Io. In: Satellites of Jupiter, D. Morrison, Vol. 3, 20— 106 (Vol. 1-3; Vol. 3) (Mir, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
Lucchitta B. K., Soderblom L. A. The geology of Europa. In: Satellites of Jupiter, D. Morrison, Vol. 2, 314—353 (Vol. 1-3; Vol. 2) (Mir, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
Marov M. Ya. The planets of the Solar System [Planety Solnechnoj sistemy], 320 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
Murphy J. B., Nance R. D. Mountain belts and the supercontinent cycle. V mire nauki, No. 6, 22—30 (1992) [in Russian].
Morrison D., Owen T., Soderblom L. A. The satellites of Saturn. In: Sistema Saturna, M. Ya. Marov, V. N. Zharkov, 373—403 (Mir, Moscow, 1990) [in Russian].
Muratov M. V. The Origin of Continents and Oceanic Trenches [Proishozhdenie materikov  i okeanicheskih vpadin], 176 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].
Pollack J. B., Fanale F. Origin and evolution of the Jupiter satellite system. In: Satellites of Jupiter, D. Morrison, Vol. 3, 264—304 (Vol. 1-3; Vol. 3) (Mir, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
Sliuta E. N., Voropaev S. A. Small and planetary bodies of the solar system - Critical mass of the icy bodies. Astron. vestn., 27 (1), 71—82 (1993) [in Russian].
Tocsoz M.N. , Jonston D.Kh. Evolution of Moon and planets of the Earth group. In: Cosmochemistry of the Moon and planets,  Ed. by A. P. Vinogradov, 210—240 (Nauka, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].
Florenskii K. P., Bazilevskii A. T., Burba G. A., et al. Sketches on comparative planetology, 328 p. (Nauka, Moscow, 1981) [in Russian].
Hays J. F., Walker D. Igneous lunar rocks and origin of Moon. In: Cosmochemistry of the Moon and planets. A. P. Vinogradov, 275—282 (Nauka, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].
Shoemaker E. M., Lucchitta B. K.,
Wilhelms D. E., et al. The geology of Ganymede. In: Satellites of Jupiter, D. Morrison, Vol. 2, 217—313 (Vol. 1-3; Vol. 2) (Mir, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
Anderson D. L. et al. Seismology on Mars. J. Geophys. Res., 82 (28), 4524—4546 (1977).
Cameron A. G. W., Pine M. R. Numerical models of the primitive solar nebula. Icarus, 18 (3), 377—406 (1973).
Chapman C. R., McKinnon W. B. Cratering of planetary satellites. In: Satellites, Eds J. A. Burns, M. S. Matthews, 492—628 (Univ. Arizona press, Tucson, 1986).
Joder C. F. Tidal friction and Enceladus anomalous surface. EOS. Transactions. AGU, 62, P. 939 (1981).

Nikolaeva O. V., Pronin A. M., Basilevsky A. T. et al. Are tesserae the outcrops of field spastic crust on Venus?  LPSC XIX: Abstr., 864—865 (NASA, Houston, 1988).