Proposals on the experiments "Janus" on board a lunar polar satellite

1Shkuratov, Yu.G, 2Stankevich, DG, 3Kornienko, Yu.V, 4Kachanov, AS, 4Serbin, VI
1Institute of Astronomy of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine; Institute of Radio Astronomy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
2Institute of Astronomy of V.N. Karazin National University of Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine
3O.Ya. Usikov Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
4Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry. VI Vernadsky, RAS, Moscow, Russia
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1996, 2 ;(1):24–30
Section: Space Astronomy
Publication Language: Russian
Our experience in the development of optical experiments on board a lunar polar satellite is described. The main purpose of the experiments is global remote-sensing investigations of mineralogical, geochemical, and structural properties of the lunar surface in the range 0.2—2.5 microns with a spatial resolution of about 15 km. We propose to carry out the spectrophotometry of the Moon at small phase angles in 14 spectral bands which are most informative from the mineralogical standpoint. Polarization in the UV-range (0.2 microns) is to be measured at phase angles of about 90° to obtain information about regolith microstructure.
Keywords: experiments, lunar polar satellite, polarimetry, spectrophotometry
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