Complex investigations of physical and mechanical properties of light-absorbing coating materials of the Mars-96 and Regata space vehicles under the influence of outer space factors

1Abraimov, VV, 1Agashkova, NN, 2Bohne, L, 1Budnyak, IV, 1Velichko, NI, 1Krevsun, AV, 3Kostenko, VI, 2Lura, F, 1Markus, AM
1B.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine
2German Aerospace Research Establishment, Berlin, Germany
3Space Research Institute of the Russian AS, Moscow, Russia
Kosm. nauka tehnol. 1995, 1 ;(1):57–68
https://doi.org/10.15407/knit1995.01.057
Section: Space Materials and Technologies
Publication Language: Russian
Abstract: 
Physical and mechanical properties of four types of light-absorbing coating materials were investigated comprehensively under the conditions closely approximating those of the outer space. The physico-chemical processes occurring in irradiated materials are shown to depend on the radiation type as well as on the radiation energy and dose, the structural and chemical composition of the polymer. Based on the experimental results, the Kapton is proposed as a base for the light-absorbing coatings as well as for other composites intended for use in the outer space. In addition to its maximum resistance to radiation, it features plasticity at 4.2 К in contrast with other polymer materials. The Kapton plasticity is supposed to be of quantum nature at Т = 4.2 К
Keywords: : light-absorbing coating materials, outer space factors
References: 
1. Abraimov V. V., Agashkova N. N., Budnjak I. V. et al. Influence of low temperatures, radiation and vacuum on fi¬ziko deep-mechanical properties of polymer light-absorbing coatings. Physics and Chemistry of Materials Treatment, N 2, 26—29 (1992) [in Russian].
2. Abraimov V. V., Agashkova N. N., Solov'ev V. N. et al. Thermal stability of light-absorbing coating in a temperature range 4.2—300 K. Physics and Chemistry of Materials Treatment, N 6, 83—87 (1989) [in Russian].
3. Abraimov V. V., Bocharov K. Sh., Budnjak I. V., Danovskij V. V. Creep of some polymeric materials stimulated by vacuum ultraviolet radiation. Physics and Chemistry of Materials Treatment, N 1, 39—45 (1993) [in Russian].
4. Abraimov V. V., Bocharov K. Sh., Galuza A. I., Udovenko V. F. Influence of electromagnetic radiation in the range 5 to 2500 nm mechanical and optical properties of certain polymeric materials. Radiation resistance organic materials in terms of space, P. 23—30 (NIITE-HIM, Moscow, 1989) [in Russian].
5. Abraimov V. V., Bocharov K. Sh., Danovskij V. V., Udovenko V. F. Research on effects of electromagnetic radiation in the 5-2500 nm in the physical and mechanical properties of polymer materials. In: Application kriogen¬noe and Vacuum Materials, 103—108 (Nauk, dumka, Kiev, 1991) [in Russian].
6. Bocharov K. Sh., Stroilov Yu. S., Udovenko V. F., et al. MRV-1M multiposition unit for testing polymer materials in vacuo and in gaseous media.  Strength of Materials, N 11, 108—110 (1976) [in Russian].
7. Verkin B. I., Udovenko V. F., Abraimov V. V., Bocharov K. Sh. Influence of electromagnetic radiation in the range of 0.01 - 25 micrometers on the mechanical properties of certain polymeric materials. Kosmicheskaja nauka i tehnika, Is. 3, 54—57 (1988) [in Russian].
8. Vernov S. N. (Ed.) Space Model. Modeling the impact of the space environment on materials equipment and spacecraft, Vol.2, 771 p. (NIIJaF MGU, Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].
9. Guillet J. Polymer Photophysics and Photochemistry: An Introduction to the Study of Photoprocesses in Macromolecules, 435 p. (Mir, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].
10. Zaljubovskij I. I., Hlapova N. P., Sidjakin P. V., Sajushkina O. D. The action of accelerated protons on the mechanical strength of polyethylene terephthalate film. In  Radiation resistance of polymer and polymer-materia¬lov in space conditions, 115—122 (NIITJeHIM, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].
11. Ivanov V. S. Radiation chemistry of polymers, 320 p. (Himija, Leningrad, 1988) [in Russian].
12. Kaufman X. I., Lubenec S. V., Abraimov V. V. Creep LR 1 crystals at a low degree of deformation in the temperature range 6-300 K. Physics of the Solid State, 25 (2), 321—327 (1983) [in Russian].
13. Markus A. M., Udovenko V. F. et al. Installation for complex works on radiation physics of solids. Instruments and Experimental Techniques, N 3, 211—213 (1986) [in Russian].
14. Mars-94. Expedition of the automatic spacecraft to Mars, 54 p. (IKI RAN, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].
15. Milinchuk V. K., Tupikov V. I. (Ed.) Radiation resistance of organic materials: Directory, 272 p. (Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].
16. Fojerbaher B., Hamaher G., Nauman R. I. (Ed.) Space Materials. An introduction to the scientific basis of space technology, Transl. from Eng., 478 p. (Mir, Moscow, 1989) [in Russian].
17. Hlapova N. P. Changes in the structure and properties of amorphous-crystalline polymers under the influence of high-energy radiation: Candidate’s thesis (Manuscript) (Kharkov, 1992) [in Russian].
18. Abraimov V. V., Lura F., Bohne L., Budniak I., Danovski V. Untersuchung von Erscheinungen nichtlinearen Degradation der physikalisch-mechanischen Eingenschaften von Materialien unter dem Einfluss Kosmischer Umgebungsfaktor. Deutscher Luft und Raumfart Kongress DGLR, 80—91 (Berlin, 1993).
19. Startsev V. I., Natsik V. D., Abraimov V. V. Dislocations and Strength in Metals at Very Low Temperatures.  Dislocation in Solids (North-Holland publ. CO., Amsterdam etc., 1983).

20. Startsev V. I., Soldatov V. P., Natsik V. D., Abraimov V. V. Role of Quantum Mechanisms and Tharmal Heating in Low-Tempe­rature Creep of Metals.  Phys. Stat. Solidi, 59(a), 377—388 (1980).